Taipei Taiwan History
This map of ancient Taipei from the Japanese colonial period is from a map of the Taiwanese National Archives, the Taiwanese National Museum of History. The island came under the occupation of the Japanese Empire in 1895, and the city was provisionally declared the provincial capital of Taiwan. History of Taiwan under Japanese rule, "printed in the May / June 2014 issue of Taiwan History Magazine, available here.
Taiwan remained Chinese territory until it was taken over by Japan in 1895, and at that time it acted independently of China and was officially called the Republic of China. Taiwan remained "Chinese territory" until Japan took it over in 1896.
Taiwan is officially administered as a Taiwan province of the Republic of China, and Taipei was the capital of the Taiwanese province until 1956, when the provincial administration was transferred to Chunghsing Village in central Taiwan. Taiwan itself lies between Taipei and Taiwan, but both Tai Taiwan and Beijing claim to formally represent Taiwan as it covers its entire territory, as well as parts of mainland China and Hong Kong.
The Chinese communists were driven from the mainland and forced the nationalist government to relocate to Taipei and Taiwan. It was not until 1949 that the island came under nationalist control, and the KMT's claim to rule over China was also dropped. The Taipei government claims sovereignty over Taiwan and the surrounding islands, but not the sovereignty of mainland China.
However, the People's Republic of China does not recognise this step and still considers Taipei to be the provincial capital of Taiwan. Beijing prefers the term zhongguo, which roughly means "China and Taiwan," implying that Taiwan is part of the mainland.
Taiwanese Hokkien is considered the local language of Taiwan and also refers to the capital Taipei and northern Taiwan. The Taiwan Strait is a short shipping route that is only a few hundred miles (1,000 km) from the mainland.
In recent years, the US has intensified its contacts with Taiwan and pledged continued support to Taipei. The increasing economic integration in the Taiwan Strait is the result of increased support from the United States and China, as well as the expansion of the US military presence in Taiwan.
Relations between China and Taiwan have been particularly frosty since the DPP ousted the KMT in 2016. The incumbent D PP maintains that Taiwan is an independent country, while the opposition K MTM insists that it is part of China, an inseparable part that is only incidentally divided at the moment.
China has repeatedly fired missiles at Taiwan to intimidate Taiwan and its people, and in response to the KMT's opposition to China's nuclear weapons program.
Meanwhile, the Communist Party gained a foothold on the mainland, pushing the Kuomintang Party, led by President Chiang Kai-Shek, to withdraw from Taiwan and form its own political party. The US also sought to prevent the use of the terms "Taiwan" and "China" in the Memorandum of Understanding and to dissuade China from interacting with Taiwan during the negotiations process. Taiwanese Taipei, which enabled Beijing to allow ethnic Chinese brothers to compete without allowing Taiwan to be recognised as a political entity in its own right. Some have gone even further in their efforts to cut historic ties between Taiwan and mainland China.
Chinese historical dramas, which are enormously popular in Taiwan, were very well copied by the Taiwanese. The end result is that the pinyin on the Taiwan - Taipei MRI is a muddle, but it is still very popular.
One factor influencing their identity is that encounters with mainland Chinese were only possible after Taiwan and China began allowing visits across the strait. Beijing became interested in Taiwan after Chinese nationalists there withdrew during the 1949 Chinese Revolution.
The KMT's dreams of retaking the mainland were dashed when the United States recognized the People's Republic of China and closed its embassy in Taipei. US policy toward Taiwan would now be dictated by the Taiwan Relations Act, which not only promises to protect Taiwan militarily in the event of an attack from mainland China, but also recognizes Beijing as the sole capital of all of China (including Taiwan). In 1979, the US ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan and handed over diplomatic recognition of Tai Taiwan to Beijing.
Taipei and the rest of Taiwan were to be discovered by the Han Chinese, and it was the attitude of the Qing courts towards Taiwan that made it a discovery. China ignored Taiwan for centuries, apart from a small number of Chinese immigrants who longed for space to bring their culture, language, religion, and culture to Taiwan.
The Manchurian Empire tried to stop the immigration of its subjects to Taiwan, and eventually the native Taiwanese nation was outnumbered by the settlers Hoklo and Hakka from the canton of Hokkien.